How an optimal Route looks like for Smart Waste Management

Simply explained: How does Smart Waste Management work?

Digitalization creates numerous ciphers, which are not always common - although they affect all people. Smart waste management, for example, is one of the core tasks in the Smart City. Better concepts for municipal waste disposal are essential if residents of metropolitan areas do not want to sink into traffic, emissions and their own remains. But how exactly does Smart Waste Management work? And what role does the Internet of Things play?

Communicating waste containers

Like education, business and mobility, the waste and disposal sector is also undergoing rapid change as a result of digitalisation and appears in the Smart City under the banner of Smart Waste Management. Smart Waste Management basically means the triad of hardware, software and an algorithm that trims the waste disposal system for efficiency. This is done by sensors measuring the fill level in waste containers and forwarding the measured data to software before the ideal collection route for the following day is calculated. IoT applications reduce unnecessary empty runs and contribute to the reduction of traffic volume and pollutant emissions. At the same time, they individualize collection logistics by consistently aligning themselves to actual requirements.

Logistics optimization in four steps


The first prerequisite for an intelligent waste and disposal concept is that waste bins and waste containers are equipped with a sensor. The technical accessory can be attached to the inside of the container. Installation is also possible with existing tons. Retrofitting is quick and uncomplicated. A few simple steps transform a simple dustbin into part of a complex, ultra-modern system.

Level measurement:

The sensor is activated and starts to detect the level in the vessel. It monitors the container around the clock and transmits the measurement results to smart waste management software, for example via the GSM mobile phone network. The data is now on the server and waiting to be processed.

Smart waste management software:

Upon an impulse, the algorithm awakens and starts working. From the data received, he fishes out the containers that have to be emptied because they have reached their capacity limit. He not only knows how full the containers are, but also exactly where they are. From this information he calculates the most efficient route for the upcoming collection.


When the waste disposal employee gets into his pick-up vehicle in the morning, the timetable for the day is already on a tablet or smartphone. From now on the route is different every day. A routing app takes them exactly where they need them because the waste containers are full. If necessary also around traffic jams or heavy rain areas. No more pointless journeys, no more detours - but also no more waiting on the part of the population once the waste containers are filled faster than planned.

In addition, various additional functions help to further improve waste management and waste disposal. In addition to fleet and order management, the application of Binando also includes GPS live tracking of the vehicles. Dispatcher and driver can easily and conveniently exchange information at any time via the dashboard - either via the web browser or directly in Binando's routing app.

Full container vs. Empty container in Smart Waste Management

Smart solutions are already a reality today

The technologies required for intelligent smart waste management are already available today. GSM, LoRaWAN or Nb-IoT are equally suitable as communication technologies, but applications can also be adapted to other communication technologies still to be developed.
Binando's software includes all functions for efficient smart waste management: it provides an overview of the managed containers, determines the respective fill level, calculates the optimum collection route and shares it with the waste disposal vehicle. In addition to the software, Binando's sensors are also manufactured in-house and are therefore ideally suited for use in waste management and disposal.